Excavated Site - Juni Kuran
23° 57' N, 69° 47' E

The site Juni Kuran (23057'N; 69047'E) lies in the north-eastern corner of Pascham Island surrounded by Great Rann of Kachcha, Khavda, District Kutch The excavation was carried out under the Saraswati Heritage Project in the year 2003-04 and 2004-05.

The mound which is rough rectangular in plan Covers an area of 410 m. x 350 m. and the excavation has brought to light the settlement pattern and cultural sequence of Harappan Civilisation along with fortified citadel, ceremonial ground, middle town and lower town. The citadel on the northern side along with closed gateways on the cardinal directions with two stadiums one for the commoners and the other for the elite over looking the ceremonial ground and fortified middle town. Magnificent house complexes inside as well as on the fortification walls with systematically placed doors sills running along the pathways, mud brick platforms encased with stone rubbles etc. The significant discovery is being of stadium entered through Gateway No.2 through passages and pathways inside the citadel from Stadium No.1 Secondly, this site being very important not only in Gujarat but also in Indian Sub-continent that no such Harappan site have yielded structural complex with pillared hall on the citadel fortification. Middle Town is located on the southern side within fortification and is separated from the citadel by a long and wide ceremonial ground. The Mature and the Late phase settlement were shown in a terrace form and these structures were bifurcated, inter linked and planned systematically by three lanes running in East-West and North-south direction.

However, the late Harappan period settlement had shown interesting feature related to the burial practices i.e. secondary Urn-burial mostly found outside the house i.e. on lanes. A very significant structure has been exposed on the sloppy and towards the North-Western corner entrance of the sloppy and towards the North-Western corner entrance of the Evidence of stone linga has also been collected from Middle Town.

Lower town is located on the eastern side of the citadel, 15 to 20 mtrs. and within the outer fortif1cation wall. Two types of house complex were noticed viz rectangular with divided chambers and with circular pillar base paved with slab flooring.

Apart from the usual  Harappan potteries, antiquities, included chert blades, terracotta and shell bangle piece, sling balls, toy cart  frames, cakes, animal figurines, votive tanks, feeding bowl, beads of terracotta, shell, gold, semi-precious stones, copper bangles, rings, ear-rings, pendants, beads, blades, spear head, arrow heads, unbarbed fish hooks, stone object and bone tools were also found. The significant, being the broken 'Unicorn' steatite seal consisting of eight letter scripts.